See below for the second instalment of key patient messages from a group of international osteoarthritis (OA) experts regarding OA management taken directly from their article. The last set of messages is coming soon 🙂 

Principles in management

  1. Non-drug treatments have similar benefits for your OA symptoms to pain relieving drugs, but with very few adverse side effects
  2. Actively taking part in self-management programs could benefit your OA
  3. Treatment interventions and lifestyle changes for your OA should be individualized and include long and short-term goals. These should be reviewed regularly with your health professionals
  4. Methods for you to self-manage your OA should be discussed and agreed on by you and your health professionals

Exercise, physical activity and weight loss

  1. Regular physical activity and individualized exercise programs (including muscle strengthening, cardiovascular activity, and flexibility exercises) can reduce your pain, prevent worsening of your OA, and improve your daily function
  2. If you are overweight and have OA, it will be beneficial to lose weight and maintain a healthy weight through an individualized plan involving dietary changes and increased physical activity
  3. Living a sedentary life could worsen your OA and also increases your risk of other lifestyle-related diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease
  4. Individualized exercise is an integral component of treatment for everyone with OA
  5. Maintaining sufficient muscle strength around the joints is important in reducing pain and maintaining function, and if you require an operation will benefit both pre- and post-operative periods of your treatment

Reference

French, S., Bennell, K., Nicolson, P., Hodges, P., Dobson, F., & Hinman, R. (2015). What do people with knee or hip osteoarthritis need to know? an international consensus list of essential statements for osteoarthritis. Arthritis Care & Research, 67(6), 809-816

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